Alexander’s invasion and its impact
It is proved from the three inscriptions of Dara I, Bahistun Persepolis, and Mapurustam that he had first occupied the Indian territories along the banks of the river Indus.
This script was written from right to left like in Arabic.
- He was the ruler of the Greek kingdom of Macedonia.
- He ascended the throne in 336 BC after the death of his father. He established a city named Sikandariya between Kabul and Sindh.
- Alexander not only conquered Asia Minor and Iraq but also Iran, he moved from Iran to India Herodotus, who is called the father of history and Greek writers, described India as a country of immense wealth.
- Reading this description, Alexander was inspired to attack India.
- Ambhi, the ruler of Taxila, surrendered to Alexander and was suffering from diseases.
- During this, he was always engaged in the war, at the time of his return, Alexander’s army was divided into two parts – the water route and the land route at the mouth of the Indus river.
Consequences of Alexander’s Invasion
- The most important result of this invasion was the establishment of direct contact between India and Greece in various areas.
- This paved the way for Greek merchants and craftsmen and the then facilities of trade increased.
- As a result of the invasion, Greek colonies were established in these areas.
- This helps us to prepare a date sequence history of the events that happened in India.