Best notes: Gahadvalas Dynasty(11th and 12th Century)

The emergence of the Gahadvalas Dynasty in Kannauj in the latter part of the eleventh century is so suffixed that it is difficult to determine their origin. The well-known theory of their connection with the dynasty of the sun and the moon cannot be accepted as true although traditions trace them back to obscure descendants of Yayati.

Gahadvalas dynasty

Early Rulers of the Gahadvalas Dynasty

  • The Gahadvalas dynasty was founded by Yasovigraha.
  • Yasovigraha’s son Mahichandra also called Mahindra and Mahitala, was a ruler of some consequence who ruled in some parts of Uttar Pradesh.
  • His son Chandradeva took hold of the opportunity afforded by the departure at Mahmud from Northern India and inflicted a crushing defeat upon the Rashtrakuta ruler, Gopala on the banks of the Yamuna.
  • He conquered all the territory from Allahabad to Banaras and made Banaras the second capital of Gahadvala.
  • He imposed a tax called Turushkadanda possibly two defray the expenses of war against Muslim invasions or to make annual payments to the latter.
  • He was succeeded by his son MadanChandra also known as Madanpala.

Govindachandra of the Gahadvalas Dynasty

  • He succeeded Madanachandra and was perhaps the greatest king of the dynasty.
  • More than 40 inscriptions have come to light which testifies to the Splendour of his reign.
  • Taking advantage of the weakness of the Pala monarchy, he annexed portions of Magadha.
  • Govindachandra must have aggrandized himself at the cost of the Chedis.
  • He also defeated the Chandellas and wrested Eastern Malwa from them.
  • In fact, Govindachandra raised Kanauj to unprecedented glory.
  • His neighboring, as well as distant per potentates, were afraid of his power and showed due respect to him.
  • His reign was marked by the literary activities of his Minister named Lakshmindhara who produced a number of works on law and procedure the most important of which is the kritya Kalpataru are Kalpataru.

Vijayachandra of the Gahadvalas Dynasty

  • Govind Chandra was succeeded by his son Vijaychandra.
  • The Prithviraja Raso credits him with wide conquest but it is difficult to accept the evidence of these bardic tales at their face value.

Jayachandra of the Gahadvalas Dynasty

  • Vijayachandra’s son and successor Jayachandra came to the Throne in 1170.
  • His career and achievements are hardly known from his copper plates and the paneyyrics of the Prithviraja Raso are illumined by the Muslim Chronicles and other independent sources.
  • Jayachandra was the last great monarch of those whose power and resources must have impressed the Muslim historians.
  • Jayachandra’s peaceful reign was seriously menaced by Muiz-Ud-din Mohammed Ghori who after conquering Delhi and Ajmer from the Chahamanas advanced with a large force against Kannauj in 1193.
  • Jayachandra met him on the plain between Chandavar and Etawah and fail to fight.
  • Jayachandra’s name is associated with the history of Sanskrit literature for liberal patronage extended by him to Sri Harsha who wrote the well-known Naisadhacharita, Khandana-Khadya, The last being the most famous and important of those with Vedanta
  • treaties which emphasizes the negative are the skeptical side of the system.

Last Rulers of the Gahadvalas Dynasty

  • The defeat and death of Jayachandra did not lead to the annexation of the kingdom of Kannauj by the Muslims.
  • Harishchandra son of Jayachandra was allowed to rule as a vessel to Shihab-Ud-din.
  • Adakkamlla Harishchandra’s successor was deprived of his ancestral Kingdom by Iltutmish.
  • Thus ended the glory of Imperial Kanauj after six centuries of political domination in Northern India.

Read Also

Chahamanas Dynasty

Pratihara Dynasty

Chola Dynasty

Chalukya

Pallavas

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