Paramaras dynasty topic is a very important topic for government exams.
Upendra | Paramaras Dynasty |
- The kingdom of the Paramaras was situated to the west of that of the Kalachuris.
- Upendra also known as Krishnaraja was one of the founders of the Paramara family.
- Dhara, modern Dhar in Madhya Pradesh was the capital of the Paramaras.
Siyaka-II | Paramaras Dynasty |
- The history of the Paramaras really begins with the accession of Siyaka.
- His greatest Triumph was to defy the authority of the Rashtrakuta, acknowledged so far by the Paramaras.
- The death of the Rashtrakuta, Krishna-III presented him an opportunity and he declared himself independent.
- Siyaka secured large slices of territory both from Pratihara as well as the Rashtrakuta empire.
- Of his two sons Munja and Sindhuraja he was succeeded by the former.
Munja | Paramaras Dynasty |
- He was the most glamorous king of the dynasty.
- He was a great Warrior and many stories of his gallantry are sung in ballads.
- He defeated the Kalachuri king Yuvraja-II.
- His measured effort was directed toward expanding the area of his Kingdom in Rajputana.
- Munja next defeated Mularaja of the Chalukya Dynasty of Anhilapataka.
- The greatest enemy of Munja was the Chalukya Taila-II, who had established his authority over the Deccan after overthrowing the Rashtrakutas and wanted to assert his authority over Malwa which belonged to them.
- Taila invaded Malwa not less than 6 times but on all occasions, he was repulsed by Munja.
- In order to get rid of this chronic menace, Munja launched an aggressive campaign against Taila but was entrapped by the enemy and put to death.
Sindhuraja | Paramaras Dynasty |
- Munja was succeeded by his youngest brother Sindhuraja who recovered The Lost territories from Taila-II.
- He also conquered Lata (South Gujarat) but his attempt to assert supremacy over North Gujarat was failed by the Chalukya ruler Chamundaraya son of Mularaja-I.
Bhoja | Paramaras Dynasty |
- Sindhuraja was succeeded by his son Bhoja the greatest celebrity of the Parmaras.
- Bhoja’s reign of half a century was marked by a series of strenuous campaigns against numerous Kings.
- Despite the ceaseless wars which Bhoja fought against several Kings, he could acquire no new territory except Konkana.
- What distinguished him from his contemporaries was his profound scholarship and patronage of learning.
- He is credited with the authorship of more than 23 books on varied subject commentary on the Yogasutra of Patanjali, though brief, is a great example of his erudition.
- His Samaranganasutradhara is an excellent work of art and architecture.
- Men of letters like Dhanapala Uvata and many others lived in his court.
- He founded the city of Bojhapura and built a number of temples.
Later Rulers | Paramaras Dynasty |
- With the passing away of Bhoja, the era of Paramara’s ascendancy was over.
- Bhoja’s Death was followed by a disputed succession.
- One of the claimants Jayasimha, who was probably Bhoja son seized The throne with the help of his erstwhile enemy Chalukya Prince Vikramaditya-VI of the Deccan.
- Henceforth, Jayasimha becomes a staunch Ally of Vikramaditya and helped the latter in an unsuccessful expedition against the eastern Chalukya of Vengi.
- Udayadita a brother of Bhoja succeeded Jayasimha.
- The famous temple of Nilakanteshvara At Udaipur in Bhilsa is ascribed to him.
- Udayaditya had a number of sons and two of them Lakshmandeva and Naraverman ruled in succession after his death.
- The last known king of the Paramaras was Mahlak Dev was defeated by Ala-Ud-Din Khilji when the latter invaded his Kingdom Mahlak Dev was executed and Malwa became a province of the Sultanate.
- There were several minor branches of the Paramaras ruling in various parts of the Rajputana Mount Abu, Vagada (modern Banswara and Dungarpur) Javalipura (Jalore), and Bhinmal (in Southern Marwar).
- All of these were ultimately conquered by the neighboring States such as Guhilas and the Chahmanas under the Paramaras a rich Galaxy of literary Giants thronged Malwa.
- Dhara was the Mecca of literature in the days of Bhoja.
- Bhoja was the greatest Builder and lover of art.
- The image of Saraswati, installed by him in the main hall of the Saraswati Temple of Dhara, shows Paramara’s sculpture and its best.