Explain Dream Socialist |Examsly| Important History 18th Century

Dream Socialist

Dream Socialist
Dream Socialist
  • The idea of some early dream socialists was only a theoretical dream and no practical methodology was presented by them for the present, hence they are called dream socialists.
  • Marx inspired the proletariat by establishing the class struggle as a historical element, so Marx called his socialism scientific socialism, while St. Simon, Charles Fourier, Robert Owen, Louis Blau, etc. are prominent among the dreamer socialists.

Claude Henri Saint Simon 1760 1825 AD

  • Saint-Simon was a French socialist philosopher and reformer of the early 19th century. He presented his socialist ideas in The New Christianity.
  • St. Simon identified two major classes in which the first was the producer or industrialist and the second was the parasite.
  • Saint-Simon did not envision the future society as a classless society but held the view that the middle class, the bourgeoisie, the scientist, and the proletariat would be equal members of the productive class.
  • All of these are natural allies in the anti-feudal struggle and will be equally beneficial in the future industrial system. St. Simon propounded principles such as wages according to work and labor according to the ability to protect labor interests.
  • St. Simon supported giving awards to the best artists, scientists, engineers, and businessmen according to their merit but he did not tell any method to build his ideal society.
  • St. Simon wanted to give the most important place to the people of the industrial class. According to him, industrialists should take control of society.
  • He envisioned a society free from all kinds of others in which everyone contributes as much as he can and reaps the fruits of his health.

Charles Fourier 772-1833AD

  • Charles Fourier was a French socialist, critic, and thinker. It was socialist to each other. He presented his plan for the salvation of humanity in the book The Social Destiny.
  • He gave prominence to the mechanism of attraction based on Newton’s mechanics in his social analysis. He argued that in the ideal social order, there would be a kingdom of harmony, and the spirit of companionship would be in full bloom. He divided the work with man according to the principle of attractive labor.
  • That is, the work which one likes, the same will be assigned to him. Fourier was opposed to industrial expansion because he believed that it inhibited sociality, individuality, and the joy of creation.
  • He believed that man should live in a rural area or work in a small workshop in a small town. He emphasized the formation of cooperative institutions.

Robert oven 1771-1858AD

  • Robert Owen was a British industrialist, philanthropist, and pioneer of the cooperative movement. He is considered an early socialist and is credited with using the term socialism for the first time around 1930 AD.
  • He explained his principles in The New View of Society and The Book of New Model World. Robert Owen, along with Jeremy Bentham, tried to build an ideal socialist utopia in his milieu.
  • He put all his wealth and life into building an ideal socialist community. Owen believed that production could be increased by providing facilities to the workers.
  • By earning profit by providing residential facilities and reducing working hours and providing good wage facilities for the workers, it has been proved that profit can be earned by providing social security and facilities to the workers.
  • Many such societies were established in America but all socialist models failed. No industrialist followed Oven because for thousands of years man engaged in personal profit was not yet in a position to live and work for another.

Louis Blanc 1805-1881 AD

  • He was an influential thinker and leader of France. Propounded his socialist principles in his book Organization of Labour.
  • He opposed individual freedom in the economic field and demanded the right of laborers to work in the state and for achieving that right national factories and social work schools to help the unemployed.
  • The credit for the rise of state socialism is given to Louis Blanc. According to him, every healthy person has the right to work and the state government should provide work to him.
  • Louis Blanc These thoughts created consciousness and awakening in the proletariat of France. As a result, in 1848, the proletariat actively participated in the revolution against Emperor Louis Philippe.

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