4 Characteristics of Renaissance
What do understand by Renaissance-Meaning?
- What do you understand by the renaissance, it literally means waking up again.
- The development of Western civilization is related to the cultural progress that took place between the 14th and 16th centuries, which was influenced by ancient Greek and Roman civilization and culture.
- Renaissance is an era dividing period between medieval feudal Europe and modern progressive Europe. In broad terms, Renaissance is the name collectively given to various intellectual, cultural, social, political, and economic movements that took place in Europe between the 14th and 16th centuries, which formed the foundation of modern Europe.
- Renaissance is an Italian word.
Signs of Renaissance
- Signs of Renaissance
- Coordination of tradition and modernity.
- While developing the intellectual development of renaissance man, he developed a vision of looking at every area of life tightly on the test of logic.
- Through this importance was given to individualism and criticism.
- In place of the Parlokik, the worldly came to the center.
- The emergence and development of universalism and rationalism took place.
- The complete expression of reality got importance.
- Now the thinking related to man and nature has come to the center of philosophy.
What were the leading causes of the Renaissance
What were the leading causes of the Renaissance?
- With the beginning of the decline of feudalism, the elements of the renaissance got an opportunity to grow because no kind of intellectual cultural change was possible in the then-conservative system while feudalism existed.
- Formation of nation-states – Its rise is related to the decline of feudalism in the 15th century.
- In the contemporary context, the basic feature of the political structure that developed in the form of nation-states was the development of supreme power with the king in place of the feudal system.
- Promoted Renaissance elements to weaken feudalism in the development of nation-states because Renaissance as opposed to the orthodox system of feudalism.
- In this way, nation-states became more empowered due to the breakdown of feudalism. The 15th and 16th century was the century of geographical discoveries.
- Integration of different regions of the world started through these discoveries. It can also be seen as the beginning of the present globalization process.
- The consciousness of the Renaissance played an important role in discovering new countries and finding sea routes. In 1487, Bartholomew Diaz reached the coast of Africa, which was named the Cape of Good Hope.
- Vasco da Gama reached India in 1498 through this route.
- Columbus discovered America in 1492. Promoted international trade and laid the basis for colonialism and imperialism.
- Bacon described his time as the age of ignorance. He insisted on Aristotle to experiment, but he used to oppose Aristotle because the scholars of Europe were busy thinking and studying Aristotle’s ugly Latin translation.
- They didn’t see anything beyond that. Bacon said that if they could control, they would throw all the books of Aristotle in the fire because their study wastes one’s time, and ignorance increases due to the rise of other false ideas.
- Bacon had a great interest in scientific experiments and all the inventions he conceived in the field of science were later implemented. Bacon said that such a vehicle can be made which can run at the same speed as war chariots even without the help of any animal.
- It is also possible to make such a machine that flaps its artificial wings like a flying bird, a human being wanders in the atmosphere in ambush.
- Later, Bacon’s dreams came true, vehicles also ran on the roads and airplanes also started flying. Although courageous and logic-loving thinkers like Roger Bacon were few, yet the renaissance got a lot of strength from this scholarly movement.
- In 1453, the Ottoman Turks captured Constantinople, the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire, which was the center of knowledge and science.
- Their many writers, scientists, and artists migrated to Italy, France, and Germany and took with them the ancient Greek and Roman knowledge of science and method of thinking.
Characteristics of Renaissance
Humanism-Characteristics of Renaissance
Characteristics of Renaissance
- The medieval civilization of Europe was based on artificiality and empty ideals, worldly life was told falsely, and the Greek country was studied in the universities of Europe.
- Roger Bacon opposed the supremacy of Aristotle and propounded the principle of rationalism, which led to the development of humanism.
- Humanists criticized the fanaticism of the Church and the clergy. Humanism is the name of the ideology that establishes the human being in the context of wider life, keeping the human at the center.
- It can also be called the ideology related to humans, by humans,s and for humans.
- Humanism is the most prominent feature of the Renaissance, it can also be called the basic basis of the Renaissance.
Modern education-Characteristics of Renaissance
- It was natural to have the effect of the Renaissance on education and literature.
- Revolutionary changes took place in the field of education due to the influence of the humanistic approach.
- The new education system included subjects like grammar, speech, poetry, policy, and history.
- Universities were being established in different regions of Europe.
- Spain’s world-famous Cordoba University propagated innovative ideas in Europe.
Printing-Characteristics of Renaissance
- In the medieval period, through the Arabs, the Europeans learned the art of making on paper.
- In the 12th century, the Arabs introduced to Europe the techniques of movable printing, which were developed by the Chinese in the 11th century.
- In the middle of the 15th century, a person named Gutenberg of Germany invented the printing press, and then gradually this device was used in Italy, Germany, Spain, and France.
- The development of paper and printing technology ended the monopoly of specific people on knowledge.
Effect of Secularism
- Secularism was an important feature of the Renaissance.
- Secularism means removing religious ostentatiousness and superstitions and freeing man’s life from the control of religion and emphasizing worldly life (worldly life).
- During the Renaissance, the control of religion over people’s lives began to weaken.
- The development of this can be seen in the religious reform movement, in addition to religious texts and divine subjects, various types of texts and subjects were started to be studied.
Spread of Reason
- Due to the influence of modern education and the spread of scientificity, logic and intelligence started developing in humans.
- People began to believe in the intellectual and moral capacity of man and all facts were put to the test of logic.
Effect of Renaissance
- In a true sense, Renaissance was the beginning of the great journey of human intellectual and cultural development, which was later strengthened through the religious reform movement and enlightenment.
- It took the man out of the imagination of the hereafter and turned him towards the reality of this world.
- Renaissance contributed significantly to making man a means to an end.
- Renaissance paved the way for the creation of the modern world.
Economic Impact-Effect of Renaissance
- Scientific and technological progress created the basis for a new era of industrialization.
- The capitalist system came in place of the medieval guild system.
Political influence-Effect of Renaissance
- The basic feature of the political structure that developed under the nation-states was that the king had supreme power in place of the feudal system.
- This started the development of a national state system. Politically, as a result of the Renaissance, feudalism declined in Europe and powerful nations emerged.
- Pope’s interference in political work was said to be inappropriate. Machiavelli started thinking of the modern state system in the book The Prince.
Social Impact-Effect of Renaissance
- Now the emphasis is being laid on individual ability and ability in society, due to which the outlook of the people has become scientific and analytical.
- Along with the renaissance, the importance of civil life started increasing, and due to the spread of new subjects in society, people started becoming more educated and aware.
- In the Renaissance, the eradication of social inequalities was emphasized and voice was raised against the special rights of the elite classes.
- As a result, tension started increasing in society, fundamental changes started taking place in social institutions and values.
Religious Impact-Effect of Renaissance
- The immediate impact of the intellectual renaissance was on the religious life of man, even ordinary people were able to understand the true nature of religion.
- At the same time, the foundation of the religious reform movement was prepared.
Cultural Influence-Effect of Renaissance
- Literature The best expression of the cosmic spirit of the Renaissance is in literature.
- Dante Petrarch Buccaccio’s name is a pioneer in the field of literature in Italy. Dante 1265 1321 Ishwai has been called the forerunner of the Renaissance and the first man of the Renaissance.
- The development of national languages started. More fundamental changes came to the fore in the literature. In this period, Dante (poetry), and the biography of Machiavelli (The Prince), etc. are the main creators.
- Art became realistic after being freed from religious shackles. The characteristics of this period also began to be expressed in Renaissance architecture.
- Through this also importance was given to human freedom. The use of many such as round arches, dome pillars, etc. started in the Gothic art style that was already running.
- These new experiments can be seen in the context of St. Paul’s Church in London and St. Peter’s Church in Rome. Angelo and Raphael had a role in the construction of St. Peter’s Church in Rome. Music was another area of Italian in which great originality is visible.
- The main development of music took place in the 16th century. Instrumental music became popular during this period and musical instruments were invented.
- Modern opera was born during this period. Along with this, the trend of piano and violin also increased. Sculpture: New elements of change were also included in the sculpture of the Renaissance period.
- Where Renaissance sculpture was only related to religion, now human elements were also included along with religion. Sculptures were not limited to the church only and were freely made to express different forms of human life.
- In this, the idol of Moses, the idol of Mary, and Shiva occupy a prominent place. Painting Italy’s renaissance took place mainly in the field of art.
- In this, there was a special advancement of painters, crafts, and architecture. Paintings of the Renaissance period were selected from common life, instead of plaster and wood, canvas started.